What types of editing do I do?

First things first, what is a manuscript?

A manuscript is what we call the work—fiction or nonfiction—that you submit to a publishing press or agent in the hope that they will publish it. A manuscript can refer to a novel, novelette, collection, anthology, short story, work of poetry, an essay, a piece of creative nonfiction… you get the idea. 

Most often, a writer will start with a beta read (also known as a developmental edit) of their manuscript and then progress to a copyedit or proofread.

Beta reading (developmental edit)

A beta reader looks at the overall structure and content of your manuscript and highlights any changes you might do to improve it.

A beta reader does not correct technical errors such as spelling mistakes or incorrect grammar, but focuses on giving you the feedback you need to make your work shine.

What will I do when I beta read your work?

The sort of feedback I can give you includes (but is not limited to):

  • General feedback—what you did well, and if I noticed any recurring issues/plot holes, etc.
  • Content feedback—any issues with the content of the work, such as unnecessary and/or irrelevant content, things that don’t make sense, pacing and flow of the text.
  • Structural feedback—what worked and what didn’t work, any parts that felt weaker or superfluous.


Copyediting (also known as a line edit) focuses on your manuscript’s readability. It ensures that your writing flows smoothly and makes perfect sense to your readers.

A copyedit focuses on paragraphs and sentences, and correcting spelling and grammar.

A copyedit won’t look at the structure of the entire book.

What will I do when I copyedit your work?

  • Review your manuscript for readability and overall flow.
  • Rework any sentences/paragraphs to ensure clarity.
  • Correct any spelling, grammar and punctuation errors (including typos).
  • Improve sentence structure for overall flow and consistency.


Proofreading focuses only on the technical side of the text, such as spelling, grammar, punctuation, typos, and overall consistency. 

What will I do when I proofread your work?

  • Correct any spelling, grammar and punctuation errors (including typos).
  • Review your work for consistency.


Formatting is how your manuscript looks. This means things like what typeface it is written in, what size font is used, and if the document is single- or double-spaced.

Not every publishing press uses the same guidelines, although two excellent standards to follow for English texts include The Chicago Manual of Style or the AP (Associated Press) Style. You should always check which style they prefer, but if in doubt, “standard / proper manuscript format” is your best choice. 

What will I do when I format your work?

  • Make sure it meets the house style of the press you wish to submit your work to 


  • Correct any formatting errors, check for orphan lines, make sure it looks neat and tidy on the page. This will include the overall page layout, text formatting, headings, the title page, and (if relevant) any citations/references. 

Sensitivity reading

A sensitivity reader is someone who checks others’ written work for content that might be offensive, that is misrepresentative/uses stereotypes, or displays a lack of real-world experience/understanding. They often draw upon their lived experience.

I identify as disabled, neurodiverse, queer and gender nonconforming. I have been Deaf since I was seven years old (I wear hearing aids but I don’t use sign language) and I have been diagnosed with several autoimmune and chronic pain conditions. Please contact me if your work includes any characters or scenarios that you feel would benefit from my honest feedback. 

What will I do when I sensitivity read your work?

  • Read your work and create a report for you, outlining any problems that I find, and offer solutions on how to fix them.

Want to hire me?

My rates and how to contact me